Belgian French-speaking poet and playwright, one of the founders of Symbolism. He was one of the most prolific poets of his era. His first collection of poems, Les Flamandes, was published in 1883. On August 24, 1891, he married Marthe Massen, a talented artist from Liège. His newfound happiness found expression in three books of poetry: Les Heures Claires (1896), Les Heures d'Après-midi (1905) and Les Heures du Soir (1911). His later poems include Les Rythmes souverains (1910), Les Villes à pignons (1910), Les Plaines (1911), and Les Blés Mouvants (1912). He wrote his first play, Les Aubes, in 1898. In it he fought against social injustice and the decline of life in the countryside. In 1912 he staged the tragedy Hélène de Spart, which, in addition to French, was performed in German and Russian. In 1898 he moved to Saint-Cloud, near Paris. By the turn of the century, he had become world-famous. His works had been translated into more than twenty languages. His German translator was Stephan Zweig. He travelled, lecturing, all over Europe.