German–American poet, novelist, and short story writer. He is a representative of the so-called "dirty realism" movement. He wrote more than 200 short stories, which were included in sixteen collections, six novels and more than thirty books of poetry. Charles Bukowski (real name Heinrich Karl Bukowski) was born August 16, 1920 in Germany. His mother was German, his father - an American soldier of Polish descent. Bukowski's first books - collections of short stories and poems - were published mostly by private independent publishers. Their owners were independent enough to disagree with the evaluations of the literary establishment. Bukowski's work was the exact opposite of the refined intellectual passages then accepted as the standard of writing. Bukowski's poetry is the product of a 20th-century philosophy of wandering, combining a search for the foundations of his own being, an unwillingness to be included in the "vanity fair" of his time, and an aimless movement through the flow of life. On March 9, 1994, at the age of 73, Charles Bukowski died of leukemia.